The Bodo language, pronounced as
Bo-Ro, a major language of the Bodo group, comes under the Assam-Burmese
group of language. It is said to have branched off from the
Tibeto-Burman family of languages and is spoken by the denizens of the
north-eastern state of Assam. Infact, the Bodo language happens to be
amongst the official languages here and is one of the 22 scheduled
languages provided a special constitutional status in India.
A highpoint in the history of the Bodo language is the socio-political movement that was launched by local Boro organizations, from 1913 onwards. It was due to their relentless effort that this language was finally introduced as the medium of instruction in the primary schools in Bodo dominated areas in 1963. In present times, the language also serves as a medium of instruction up to the secondary level in educational institutions. Recently, it was included as a part of the post graduate course in the University of Guwahati.
The Bodo language boats of a rich literature, comprising of numerous famous books on poetry, drama, short story, novel, biography, travelogue, children's literature, etc. The last couple of decades have been especially beneficial for the evolution of Bodo literature as its development received its due attention from all corners. The Devanagri script is officially used to write the Bodo language, although it also has a long history of using the Roman script. Many Bodo intellectuals suggests that this language originally used the Deodhai script, which is now lost.
A pioneering effort in preserving and popularizing the Bodo literature is being played by Asam Sahitya Sabha, the biggest literary body in Eastern India. Infact, this organization has been playing a crucial role in coordinating efforts of the Bodo poets, scholars and authors, by introducing the local people to their works. They hold a congregation every year, which is attended by numerous big and small literary people from far and near. Another unit working for the betterment of the Bodo literature and people is the Bodo Sahitya Sabha.